Principle:Students do a task because it is fun, it brings them some external contingency, or it is seen as an important and useful thing to do.
• Find a way to make the task more interesting and enjoyable; this will increase the intrinsic motivation value of the task for students.
• Associate an extrinsic reward with task participation and completion; this will increase the intrinsic motivation value of the task for students.
• Explain carefully to students precisely why the task is important, meaningful, and valuable to them; this should increase the identified value of the task and influence self-regulation by students.
From the book: Educational Psychology: Effective Teaching, Effective Learning (3 ed.)